https://www.linuxtv.org/wiki/index.php/RealTek_RTL2832U

1. Brancher le tuner

dmesg | tail 
[  209.986572] usb 1-1.5: new high-speed USB device number 6 using dwc_otg
[  210.128484] usb 1-1.5: New USB device found, idVendor=0bda, idProduct=2838
[  210.128500] usb 1-1.5: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
[  210.128511] usb 1-1.5: Product: RTL2838UHIDIR
[  210.128521] usb 1-1.5: Manufacturer: Realtek
[  210.128531] usb 1-1.5: SerialNumber: 00000001
lsusb
Bus 001 Device 004: ID 0bda:2838 Realtek Semiconductor Corp. RTL2838 DVB-T

3.

sudo apt-get install git cmake build-essential

4. Retrieve, build and compile the RTL2832U Osmocom drivers.

git clone git://git.osmocom.org/rtl-sdr.git
cd rtl-sdr/
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ../ -DINSTALL_UDEV_RULES=ON
make
sudo make install
sudo ldconfig
sudo cp ../rtl-sdr.rules /etc/udev/rules.d/

5. Blacklist the default driver Open your /etc/modprobe.d folder Create a new file 'blacklist-rtl.conf' as an administrator. “blacklist dvb_usb_rtl28xxu” Save the file, restart the machine.

Si le test est KO comme suit :

rtl_test -t
Found 1 device(s):	 
  0:  Realtek, RTL2838UHIDIR, SN: 00000001
 
Using device 0: Generic RTL2832U OEM
No supported tuner found
Enabled direct sampling mode, input 1
Supported gain values (1): 0.0
Sampling at 2048000 S/s.
No E4000 tuner found, aborting.

Réinstaller rtl-sdr et scruter les logs pour une éventuelle erreur

6. Test the dongle :

rtl_test -t
Found 1 device(s):
  0:  Realtek, RTL2838UHIDIR, SN: 00000001
 
Using device 0: Generic RTL2832U OEM
Found Fitipower FC0012 tuner
Supported gain values (5): -9.9 -4.0 7.1 17.9 19.2 
Sampling at 2048000 S/s.
No E4000 tuner found, aborting.

7. test radio

rtl_fm -f 100.9M -M wbfm -s 200000 -r 48000 | aplay -r 48000 -f S16_LE

8. avion

sudo ./dump1090 --net --enable-agc
Found 1 device(s):
0: Realtek, RTL2838UHIDIR, SN: 00000001 (currently selected)
Found Fitipower FC0012 tuner
Max available gain is: 19.20
Setting gain to: 19.20
[FC0012] no valid PLL combination found for 1090000000 Hz!
Exact sample rate is: 2000000.052982 Hz
Gain reported by device: 19.20

https://enavarro.me/jouer-avec-une-cle-rtlsdr.html